Famous diamonds
3d diamond sketches of the cullinan diamonds

Diamonds are one of the hardest materials in nature. The name ‘diamond’ is derived from the Greek ‘adamas’, that means ‘unbreakable’ or ‘untamed’. Moreover, its beauty is almost indescribable. However, some are more famous than others. Let’s take a look at them!

The largest diamonds

For a long time, the Cullinan I has been the largest diamond in the world. The Cullinan was found in 1905 in Gauteng, a province in South-Africa. Its total weight was 3 106.75 carats or 621.35 grams. Asscher Brothers cut it into small and large diamonds, that are now part of the British crown jewels. The largest of these diamonds is the Cullinan I, or ‘The Star of Africa’, weighing 530.2 carats. Before the discovery of this stone, the Excelsior was the largest diamond in the world.

Currently, the Golden Jubilee Diamond is the largest faceted diamond worldwide. In 1985, a large brown diamond of 755 carats has been found. After cutting its weight was 545.67 carats or 109.13 grams. At the moment, the diamond is owned by the Thai King Bhumibol, who let it placed in his royal sceptre.

The Chloe Diamond or ‘Pure Perfection’ is the largest round brilliant-cut diamond ever auctioned. George Marciano paid nearly $ 20 million for the beautiful stone.

Coloured diamonds

The Centenary Diamond is the largest flawless colourless diamond in the world. The diamond has been discovered in 1986 in South-Africa and weighs currently 273,85 carats.

The Darya-ye Noor Diamond is the largest purple/pink diamond worldwide. The beautiful coloured stone belongs to the Persian crown jewels.

The Spirit of the Grisogono Diamond is the largest black cut diamond in the world.

The Shah Diamond is an extraordinary yellow diamond, found in 1450 in India.

The Dresden Green Diamond is probably from India. It is the largest green diamond in the world and it weighs 41 carats. Currently, you can admire it in the Albertinum Museum in Dresden.

Royal diamonds

Originally, the Koh-i-Noor belonged to the Indian kings. In the 18th century it went to the Shah of Persia and in 1850 the British East India Company gave the stone to the British monarchy. There, the diamond was cut into an oval shape of 108,93 carats. Later is was added to the crown of Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth II.

The Blue Hope Diamond is a blue diamond  of 45,42 carats. Some even say a curse is resting on the stone. Everyone who had the diamond in his possession would face evil and bad luck. Currently, the Blue Hope Diamond is stored in the Smithsonian Institute.

The Regent Diamond was discovered in 1701 in India. The English Prime Minister William Pitt sold it to France, where after it came into the possession of Louis XV, Louis XVI and Napoleon Bonaparte. You can take a glimpse of the stone at the Louvre.

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